Mondathangsúlyos és hangsúlytalan helyzetű magánhangzók néhány artikulációs és akusztikai jellemzője a magyarban
In the present study three members of the Hungarian vowel inventory (/i/, /u/, /ɒ/) were analysed as a function of prominence, with respect to gender and vowel quality. The theoretically most prominent (stressed and accented) and non-prominent (unstressed and unaccented) realizations were compared in terms of duration, f0, formants, and OQ (measured with two different methods). The last two of these parameters were estimated and analyzed sys- tematically for the first time in the study of Hungarian speech.
There was a significant interaction between the effect of prominence and vowel quality: prominence led to longer duration for the vowels /ɒ/ and /i/, but had no significant effect on /u/. We found a three-way interaction be- tween prominence, vowel quality and gender, due to different patterns ob- served between the two genders in the case of the vowel /i/. Formant analysis based on Euclidean distance from the vowel space centroid did not reveal any significant effect of the degree of prominence. The comparison of F 1 and F2 values showed considerable differences between the accent conditions in the case of the second formant of /ɒ/. For the two measures of OQ, we found dif- ferent patterns for genders and vowels: prominence led to higher OQ values for women and lower OQ values for men. These between-gender differences were the most salient for the vowel /ɒ/.
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