Changing geography of the creative economy in Hungary at the beginning of the 21st century

  • Tamás Egedy Geographical Institute, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, MTA
  • Zoltán Kovács Geographical Institute, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, MTA; Department of Economic and Social Geography, University of Szeged
  • Balázs Szabó Geographical Institute, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, MTA
Keywords: creative economy, urban hierarchy, creative city, financial crisis, Budapest, Hungary


The Hungarian economy has gone through rapid transformation and modernization since the political changes of 1989/90. One of the signs of successful economic restructuring and re-integration to the world economy
was the growing role of creative economy. In the present paper we analyse the changing geographical pattern of creative economy in Hungary, based on longitudinal statistical data. Our findings suggest growing
core-periphery relations in the spatial pattern of creative economy, especially cince the recent financial crisis. The relative weight of Budapest and its urban region has been continuously growing and even major regional centres are unable to keep pace with the Hungarian capital. We also found that cities in the Hungarian urban system became highly differentiated according to their attractiveness for creative firms and labour, and there is a growing competition among secondary cities for knowledge based and creative activities. The growing geographical concentration of the creative economy (especially the knowledge intensive industries) is partly the result of previous neoliberal regional and urban policies.


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How to Cite
Egedy, T., Kovács, Z., & Szabó, B. (2018). Changing geography of the creative economy in Hungary at the beginning of the 21st century. Hungarian Geographical Bulletin, 67(3), 275-291.