Distribution of landslides reconstructed from inventory data and estimation of landslide susceptibility in Hungary

  • Edina Józsa Doctoral School of Earth Sciences, University of Pécs, Pécs
  • Dénes Lóczy Department of Physical and Environmental Geography, Institute of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of Pécs, Pécs https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2542-6775
  • Mauro Soldati Department of Chemical and Geological Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1600-4255
  • Lucian Daniel Drăguţ Department of Geography, West University of Timişoara, Timişoara, Romania https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2138-3288
  • József Szabó Department of Physical Geography and Geoinformatics, Faculty of Sciences, University of Debrecen, Debrecen
Keywords: landslides, national inventory, landslide susceptibility, GIS

Abstract

The complexity of landslides makes it difficult to predict the spatial distribution of landslide susceptibility and hazard. Although in most European countries the basic preconditions for the occurrence of mass movements (rocks and topography) have been mapped in detail, the triggering factors (e.g. precipitation or earthquakes) are much less predictable. A detailed nation-wide inventory for Hungary provides a unique base for landslide susceptibility mapping. As the methodology for the assessment the technique applied in the ELSUS 1000 project was selected. The micro-regions of Hungary were identified where mass movements contribute to land degradation. The paper provides a statistical evaluation of the distribution of landslides, depicts landslide susceptibility on maps and reveals the role of anthropogenic factors in the generation of mass movements. The mid-resolution elevation model (SRTM1), land cover data (CLC50) and surface geology database (Mining and Geological Survey of Hungary) allowed for the derivation of a landslide susceptibility map more detailed than before. Along with its background information the map reflects and explains the differences in landslide susceptibility among the individual hilly and mountainous regions.

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Published
2019-10-03
How to Cite
Józsa, E., Lóczy, D., Soldati, M., Drăguţ, L. D., & Szabó, J. (2019). Distribution of landslides reconstructed from inventory data and estimation of landslide susceptibility in Hungary. Hungarian Geographical Bulletin, 68(3), 255-267. https://doi.org/10.15201/hungeobull.68.3.4
Section
Articles