Batizi és kátéja

  • Csaba Fekete
Kulcsszavak: András Batizi (1500/1515 – before 1550), protestant catechism, elementary education in Hungary, 16th century


Andreas Batizi and his Catechism

This work of a Hungarian pastor of the age of the Reformation has been written and used as a guide
by the author himself in elementary education before 1542 in Hungary, published during his peregrination at Wittenberg (Germany), sometimes before 1545, later at Cracow (Poland), 1550, then
1555 modified in text and typography at Kolozsvár (Cluj-Napoca, Roumania). There are only slight
changes of the basic text, except in the reworded frontispiece. Yet these may have reveal a break
in denomination.
Batizi was a pupil of Melanchthon, and had a letter of recommendation from his master. Because
of lack of contemporary sources there are uncertainities and misinterpretations as to the biography
of Batizi, and also concerning his denomination. The present study is dealing with linguistic
analysis of the Hungarian text, of printing errors, historical and theological evidences thereof to
correct earlier statements, and mispresentation in deskbooks. Based on the collected data the claim
has been raised, that though the Transylvanian printinghouse was owned by and the printer being
Georg Hoffgreff though, the work possibly has been forwarded not by him, but by Gaspar Heltai in
the third edition. Perhaps there was another lost edition of the Catechism, on which some changes
of the text are based, clearly being diffrentiated between the original Lutheran wordig and change
for the Calvinist terms (e. g. Lords’ Supper for Holy Sacrament). Today we have only fragments and
mutilated copies, so at points we can not be sure concerning all the detailes.
Up to the first decades of the 17th century the introductory work by Batizi were in use to prepare
the way for the Heidelberg Catechism, which was well known in Hungary from the year of editio
princeps of this famous work, but officially into Hungarian elementary education was invented only
as late as 1646.