Comparative characteristics of the meadow soils of the Crimean mountain plateaus
The results of studies of mountain-meadow soils of the Crimean Mountain plateaus (yailas) within the range of heights from 580 to 1,493 m a.s.l. are presented. The aim of the research is a comparative analysis of the full-profile soils of the mountain meadows distributed on the western and eastern parts of the Main Ridge of the Crimean Mountains and their correspondence to similar soils of nearby mountain ranges. According to the results obtained, the soils of the western yailas are classified as Phaeozems and Umbrisols, while the eastern ones are mostly classified as Chernic Phaeozems. Chernic Phaeozems differ from Phaeozems and Umbrisols by higher values of the humification rate and the optical density of humic acids. In the humus horizons of Phaeozems and Umbrisols, the average values of the of humification rate varied from 21 to 31 percent, and Chernic Phaeozems from 27 to 34 percent. The optical density varied from 12.7 to 18.7 in Phaeozems and Umbrisols, and from 22.2 to 24.2 in Chernic Phaeozems. The climatic feature of the western yailas is the predominance of winter precipitation, or their relatively uniform distribution between warm and cold seasons, while at the eastern yailas the precipitation of the warm season prevails which may be responsible for the revealed differences in soil properties.
Antipov-Karataev, I.N. and Prasolov, L.I. 1932. Soils of the Crimean State Forest Reserve and adjacent territories. In Proceedings of the Soil Institute named after V.V. Dokuchaev. Leningrad, Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 141-150. (in Russian)
Artyuschenko, A.T. and Mishnev, V.G. 1978. The History of Vegetation of the Crimean Yaila and Adjacent to the Yaila Slopes in the Holocene. Kyiv, Naukova Dumka. (in Russian)
Aschmann, H. 1973. Distribution and peculiarity of Mediterranean ecosystems. In Mediterranean Type Ecosystems. Ecological Studies 7. Eds.: di Castri, F. and Mooney, H.A., Berlin-Heidelberg, Springer, 11-19. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-65520-3_2
Bogoslovsky, N.A. 1987. A few words on the soils of the Crimea. Proceedings of the Geological Committee 16. (8-9): 279-289. (in Russian)
Carballas, T., Rodríguez-Rastrero, M., Artieda, O., Gumuzzio, J., Díaz-Raviña, M. and Martín, Á. 2016. Soils of the temperate humid zone. In The Soils of Spain. Ed.: Gallardo, J.F., Berlin, Springer, 49-144. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-20541-0_3
Chizhikova, N.P., Gamzikov, G.P. and Chechetko, E.S. 2018. Specific features of profile distribution and crystallochemistry of phyllosilicates in soils of the Cisbaikal forest-steppe. Eurasian Soil Science 51. (1): 96-111. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229318010052
Classification and Diagnosis of Soils of the USSR 1977. Moscow, Kolos. (in Russian)
Costantini, E.A.C., Barbett, R.I, Fantappiè, M., L'Abate, G., Lorenzetti, R. and Magini, S. 2013a. Pedodiversity. In The Soils of Italy. Eds.: Costantini, E.A.C. and Dazzi C., Dordrecht, Springer Science and Business Media, 105-178. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-5642-7_6
Costantini, E.A.C., Fantappié, M. and L'Abate, G. 2013b. Climate and pedoclimate of Italy. In The Soils of Italy. Eds.: Costantini, E.A.C. and Dazzi C., Dordrecht, Springer Science and Business Media, 19-37. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-5642-7_2
Dragan, N.A. 2004. Soil Resources of the Crimea. Scientific monograph, 2nd edition and extra. Simferopol, DOLYA. (in Russian)
Dumig, A., Schad, P., Kohok, M., Beyerlein, P., Schwimmer, W. and Kogel-Knabner, I. 2008. A mosaic of non-allophanic Andosols, Umbrisols and Cambisols on rhyodacite in the southern Brazilian highlands. Geoderma 145. 158-173. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2008.01.013
Fiapshev, B.Kh. 1977. Genetic features of mountainmeadow chernozem-like soils of central part of Northern Caucasus. Soil Science 3. 25-34. (in Russian)
Giordano, A. 2013. Vegetation and land use. In The Soils of Italy. Eds.: Costantini, E.A.C. and Dazzi C., Dordrecht, Springer Science and Business Media, 57-92.
Grebenshchikov, O.S. 1974. On vegetation zonality in the Mediterranean mountains in the latitudinal band of 35-40°N. Problems of Botany 12. С. 128-134. (in Russian)
Grishina, L.A. and Orlov, D.S. 1978. System of indicators of humus condition of soils. In Problems of Soil Science. Moscow, Nauka, 42-47. (in Russian)
IUSS Working Group WRB 2015. World Reference Base (WRB) for Soil Resources 2014. Update 2015.
International soil classification system for naming soils and creating legends for soil maps. World Soil Resources Reports No. 106. Rome, FAO.
Jackson, Z. 2021. Land evaluation and suitability assessment for crops produced in Butuguri area, Butiama district in Mara region, Tanzania. Afribary. Africa's Online Library. Lagos, Afribary Ltd. Available at https://afribary.com/works/land-evaluation-and-suitability-assessment-for-crops-produced-in-butuguri-area-butiama-district-in-mara-region-tanzania
Khitrov, N., Smirnova, M., Lozbenev, N., Levchenko, E., Gribov, V., Kozlov, D., Rukhovich, D., Kalinina, N. and Koroleva, P. 2019. Soil cover patterns in the forest-steppe and steppe zones of the East European Plain. Soil Science Annual 70. (3): 198-210. https://doi.org/10.2478/ssa-2019-0018
Klepinin, N.N. 1935. Soils of the Crimea. Simferopol, State Publishing House of the Crimean ASSR. (in Russian)
Kochkin, M.A. 1967. Soils, forests and climate of the Crimean Mountains and the ways of their rational use. In Proceedings of the State Nikitsky Botanical Garden 38. Yalta, NBG. (in Russian)
Kogut, B.M. and Frid, A.S. 1993. Comparative evaluation of methods for determining the content of humus in soils. Pochvovedenie 9. 119-123.
Kostenko, I.V. 2014. Atlas of Soils of the Crimean Mountains. Kiev, Agrarnaya Nauka.
Kostenko, I.V. 2018. Influence of artificial forest plantations on mountain-meadow soils of the Crimea. Eurasian Soil Science 5. 515-525. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229317050088
Kostenko, I.V. and Opanasenko, N.E. 2020. Comparative characteristic of mountain-forest and mountain-meadow soils of Dolgorukovskaya Yaila (Mountain Crimea). Soil Science 7. 791-802. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229320070078
Lässiger, M., Scheithauer, J. and Grunewald, K. 2008. Preliminary mapping and characterisation of soils in the Pirin Mountains (Bulgaria). Journal of Mountain Science 5. 122-129. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-008-0133-9
Mendyk, L., Hulisz, P., Świtoniak, M., Kalisz, B. and Spychalski, W. 2020. Human activity in the surroundings of a former mill pond (Turznice, N Poland): Implications for soil classification and environmental hazard assessment. Soil Science Annual 71. (4): 371-381. https://doi.org/10.37501/soilsa/131617
Miechówka, A., Zadrożny, P., Mazurek, R. and Ciarkowska, K. 2021. Classification of mountain non-forest soils with umbric horizon: A case study from the Tatra Mountains (Poland). Soil Science Annual 72. (1): 134619. https://doi.org/10.37501/soilsa/134619
Mikhailovskaya, O.M. 1939. Soils of mountainous Crimea. In Soils of Forest-steppe and Steppe Regions. Soils of the USSR, Vol. 3. Ed.: Prasolov, L.I., Moscow, USSR Academy of Sciences, 357-375. (in Russian)
Molchanov, E.N. 2008. Formation of mountainmeadow chernozem-like soils of high mountains of Northern Caucasus. Soil Science 12. 1438-1452. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229308120041
Molchanov, E.N. 2010. Mountain-meadow soils of high mountains of Western Caucasus. Eurasian Soil Science 12. 1433-1448. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229310120033
Munroe, J.S. 2012. Physical, chemical, and thermal properties of soils across a forest-meadow ecotone in the Uinta Mountains, Northeastern Utah, U.S.A. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 44. (1): 95-106. https://doi.org/10.1657/1938-4246-44.1.95
Musielok, J., Drewnik, M., Szymaсski, W. and Stolarczyk, M. 2019. Classification of mountain soils in a subalpine zone: A case study from the Bieszczadi Mountains (SE Poland). Soil Science Annual 70. (2): 170-177. https://doi.org/10.2478/ssa-2019-0015
National Atlas of Soils of the Russian Federation 2011. Moscow, Astril AST. Available at https://soil-db.ru/soilatlas/ (in Russian)
Nikiforov, A.R. and Kostenko, I.V. 2019. Soil and vegetation of the karst sinkhole of the western spur of the Ai-Petri plateau in the Mountain Crimea. Ecosystems 19. (49): 54-60.
Peel, M.C., Finlayson, B.L. and McMahon, T.A. 2007. Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 11. 1633-1644. https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007
Plotnikova, T.A. and Ponomareva, V.V. 1967. Simplified version of method for determination of optical density of humus substances with one light filter. Soil Science 7. 73-85. (in Russian)
Plugatar, Yu.V. 2015. Forests of the Crimea. Monograph. Simferopol, IT ARIAL. (in Russian)
Polovitsky, I.Y. and Gusev, P.G. 1987. Soils of the Crimea and Increasing their Fertility. Simferopol, Tavria. (in Russian)
Polyakov, V., Orlova, K. and Abakumov, E. 2017. Evaluation of carbon stocks in the soils of Lena River Delta on the basis of application of "dry combustion" and Tyurin's methods of carbon determination. Biological Communications 62. (2): 67-72. https://doi.org/10.21638/11701/spbu03.2017.202
Romanens, R., Pellacani, F., Mainga, A., Fynn, R., Vittoza, P. and Verrecchi, E. 2019. Soil diversity and major soil processes in the Kalahari basin, Botswana. Geoderma Regional 19. e00236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geodrs.2019.e00236
Rukhovich, D.I., Rukhovich, A.D., Rukhovich, D.D., Simakova, M.S., Kulyanitsa, A.L. and Koroleva, P.V. 2018. Application of the spectral neighborhood of soil line technique to analyze the intensity of soil use in 1985-2014 (by the example of three districts of Tula Oblast). Eurasian Soil Science 51. (3): 345-358. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229318030110
Scientific and Applied Reference Book on Climate of the USSR 1990. Series 3. Multiyear data. Part 1-6. Vol. 10. Ukrainian SSR. Book 1. L., Kiev, Gidrometeoizdat. (in Russian)
Shein, E.V. (ed.) 2001. Field and Laboratory Methods for the Study of Physical Soil Properties and Regimes: Methodological Guide, 2001. Moscow, Publishing House of Moscow State University. (in Russian)
Soil Atlas of Europe 2005. Brussels, European Soil Data Centre (ESDAC), JRC, European Commission.
Swift, R.S. 1996. Organic matter characterization. In Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 3. Chemical Methods. Eds.: Sparks, D.L., Page, A.L., Helmke, P.A. and Loepert, R.H., SSSA Book Series No 5., Madison, WI, USA, SSSA-ASA, 1011-1069. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssabookser5.3.c35
Tóth, T., Novák, T., Makó, A., Gallai, B., Czigány, Sz., Árvai, M., Mészáros, J., Kocsis, M., László, P., Koós, S. and Balog, K. 2022.Class separability, correlation to biomass, parsimony and homogeneity of classes as criteria to decide on the goodness-of-classification when comparing Hungarian soil classification to World Reference Base inside a slightly saline plot. Agrochemistry and Soil Science 71. (1): 149-182. https://doi.org/10.1556/0088.2022.00121
Volokitin, M.P. 2012. Mountain-meadow soils of the Central Caucasus and the influence of vegetation on their formation. Izvestiya Samara Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences 14. (5): 36-44. (in Russian) https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/gorno-lugovye-pochvy-tsentralngo-kavkaza-i-vliyanie-rastitelnosti-na-ih-formirovanie/viewer
Walkley, A.J. and Black, I.A. 1934. Estimation of soil organic carbon by the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science 37. 29-38. https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-193401000-00003
Yagodin, V.A., Deryugin, I.P. and Zhukov, Y.P. 1987. Practical Guide to Agrochemistry. Moscow, Agropromizdat. (in Russian)
Yena, V.G., Yena, Al.V. and Yena, An.V. 2007. Discoverers of the Crimean Land. Simferopol, Business Inform. (in Russian)
Zdruli, P., Kapur, S. and Çelik, I. 2010. Soils of the Mediterranean region, their characteristics, management and sustainable use. In Sustainable Land Management. Eds.: Kapur, S., Eswaran, H. and Blum, W., Berlin-Heidelberg, Springer, 125-142. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-14782-1_4
Zech, W.,·Schad, P. and·Hintermaier-Erhard, G. 2022. Soils of the World. Berlin-Heidelberg, Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-30461-6
Zonn, S.V. 1982. Iron in Soils (Genetic and Geographical Aspects). Moscow, Nauka. (in Russian).
Copyright (c) 2023 Igor Kostenko, Alexander Nikiforov, Evgeny Abakumov
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.